I was born one hundred years ago – 1911.
Another important thing happened that year, three companies took a
bold step and created the COMPUTING TABULATING RECORDING Company.
And the world was about to get a whole lot smarter.
By 1912 – the year I was born
– the company already has 1300 employees.
1913. The company’s Hollerith tabulating machine, once used only
in census taking, is now applied to industry.
In 1914, 76 years before the American Disabilities Act was
passed, they hire their first disabled worker.
In 1915, the best man for the job of President is Thomas J. Watson.
Mr. Watson believes that all the problems of the world can
be settled easily if people are only willing to THINK.
1917 – Brazil!
1918 – Three. Thousand. Employees. Growth.
1919. The electronic synchronized time clock.
The first printing tabulator.
The job ticket printing machine.
The Carroll Rotary Card Press.
The electric key punch.
By 1924 – as a way to signal the company’s future ambitions – Watson changes
the name of the company to International Business Machines – l-B-M.
In 1925, a tableware manufacturer installs the first IBM tabulating machine in Japan.
Tabulating machine technology is so reliable, it’s used
well after the invention of the computer.
I was born in 1927 – and so is the automated gang punch.
The 80-column IBM punch card
The first card counting printing sorter ships in ’29.
In 1930, Watson receives his first patent for
a traffic signal timing system.
1931. IBM introduces the automatic multiplying punch, the automatic reproducing punch…
…the first motor drive duplicating punch and the first automatic summary
punch – ’31 was a big year for punches.
In 1932, IBM starts an Education Department for employees and customers.
The Numeric Printing Tabulator.
In 1934, IBM introduces group life insurance in the midst of the great depression.
In 1935, IBM opens the first professional training school for women.
1936. Social Security. Many believed it wouldn’t exist without IBM.
It’s called “…the biggest accounting operation of all time”.
1937 – IBM China!
In 1938 millions of children first hear the phrase, “Please fill in the bubble
completely” – thanks to the IBM 805 International Test Scoring Machine.
1939. IBM demonstrates an early form of e-mail
at the New York World’s Fair.
1940. A vacuum tube that processes information thousands of times faster than ever before.
In 1941, IBM hires Dr. Michael Supa to make
its products more useable by the visually impaired.
Dr. Supa was blind.
IBM believes in cultivating and developing the best talent in the world.
That’s why we introduce the Disabled Employee Training Program in 1942.
In 1943, Ruth Leach becomes IBM’s first female vice president.
1944. The Automated Sequence Controlled Calculator.
The first Watson Scientific Lab opens in 1945 at Columbia University.
T.J. Laster, IBM’s first black sales representative, is hired in 1946.
By the late ‘40s, IBM products are being
used in 79 countries around the globe.
They’re really growing.
The Selective Sequence Electronic Calculator…the first computer that
could modify a stored program!
The Card-Programmed Electronic Calculator.
1950. IBM’s in Israel.
In 1951, we started work on the IBM 701.
The world’s first mass-produced computer.
It’s the machine that carries us into the electronics business.
In 1952, IBM chairman, Thomas J. Watson – hands the
reins over to his son, Thomas J. Watson Jr.
And the modern corporation continues to evolve.
In 1953, Watson Jr. issues the company’s first equal opportunity policy letter.
The Civil Rights Act comes over a decade later.
I was born in 1954. That same year, an
IBM computer translates Russian into English – a first!
Trans: 1955. The IBM 702 Electronic Data Processing Machine is introduced
1956 – RAMAC!
Watson Jr. hires the best architects and designers
in the world to work with IBM.
Good design is good business.
More affordable and easier to use than anything before it, the IBM 1401
is the first computer in the world to sell 10,000 units.
1960. The Stretch Computing System.
Trans: 1961. The Selectric Typewriter. An icon.
In 1962, IBM develops the SABRE reservation system for American Airlines.
What once took hours can now be done in real time.
The following year, in one of the riskiest decisions ever made in business, Watson
Jr. bets the future of the company on the IBM System/360.
The System 360 takes several years and $5 billion to develop –
making it the largest privately financed commercial project in history.
For the first time, the power of computing is
accessible to organizations of all sizes.
In 1966, IBM researcher Robert Dennard invents D-RAM – memory
on a chip. Eventually billions would be produced.
1967. Benoit Mandelbrot. He invents Fractal Geometry.
And a new branch of mathematics is born.
By 1968, IBM’s 10-year partnership with America’s space
program is converging on their ultimate mission.
As we explore the regions of space, let
us go to the new worlds together.
Not as new worlds to be conquered, but as
a new adventure to be shared.
Trans: The relational database revolutionizes the way data is stored and processed.
1971. Computers can talk.
IBM’s first automated teller machine is introduced in June of ’72.
In 1973, IBM introduces the UPC bar code.
1974. Systems Network Architecture.
1975. The IBM 5100 – the first Portable Computer. Kinda.
1976. The first laser printer.
IBM’s Data Encryption Standard revolutionizes the way information is protected.
IBM introduces the first “mini-computer” to feature a built-in relational database.
The first Kanji computer terminal is introduced in ’79, the year I was born.
RISC. It’s invented by IBM in 1980 and it’s
still the basis of most microprocessors today.
IBM introduces the Personal Computer. We expect to sell 240,000 units.
We sell 2 million over the next three years.
The Tokyo Research Lab opens in 1982.
IBM introduces the System/36, an easy-to-use business computer featuring 2800 help screens.
Is a one-million-bit memory chip possible? In 1984, it is.
1985. John Akers becomes IBM’s 7th CEO.
1986. Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer become the second
and third IBMers to win the Nobel Prize.
The first was Leo Esaki.
Trans: 1987. Another Nobel Prize. Georg Bednorz
and Alex Mueller win for high-temperature superconductivity.
Silicon germanium chips.
1990. What does an IBM scientist do to prove he can move atoms?
He rearranges them to form the letters I-B-M.
IBM researchers invent a computer chip that can move 8 billion
bits of information in a single second.
The early 90s. Tough times for IBM. Some
people wonder if the company’s going to make it.
But in 1993, Lou Gerstner arrives and takes IBM in a whole new direction.
IBM re-focuses everyone on the customer. How?
Solutions! Systems! Software! Services!
e-business! By 1997, IBM is back!
That same year, IBM’s Deep Blue defeats the reigning grand champion of chess.
A thrilling win for IBM’s Deep Blue.
IBM embraces Linux and the era of open source innovation is born.
The President of the United States awards the National Medal of
Technology to IBM – the seventh they received so far.
Millipede technology stores 3 billion bits in a space this big.
In 2003, Sam Palmisano becomes the big boss.
The world will soon become smaller and flatter.
The World Community Grid!
Blue Gene – the fastest computer ever.
Trans: This computer speaks English!
Patents. Patents. Patents.
After a century of innovations, we’re just getting started.
100 is a big big number.
What will the next 100 years bring?
I use the past to predict the future.
I’m working on the next big breakthrough.
In ten years supercomputers could use 10 times less
power and run 1000 times faster.
I’ll be able to sequence a genome so we can create personalized medicine.
The whole world is data.
I’m using data to help detect the onset of disease.
I’ve discovered a way to help build curiosity into the system.
I’m working on a system that can think like you.
We’ve always been working for the future.
That’s what I’m working on.
I'm an IBMer.
I think that you have to have more than just a machine.
We must study through listening, observing and thinking.
All of the problems in the world could be settled
easily if men are only willing to THINK.